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Rationality And Reasoning

Rationality And Reasoning
Author: Jonathon St. B.T. Evans
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135472319
Size: 30.63 MB
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This book addresses an apparent paradox in the psychology of thinking. On the one hand, human beings are a highly successful species. On the other, intelligent adults are known to exhibit numerous errors and biases in laboratory studies of reasoning and decision making. There has been much debate among both philosophers and psychologists about the implications of such studies for human rationality. The authors argue that this debate is marked by a confusion between two distinct notions: (a) personal rationality (rationality1 Evans and Over argue that people have a high degree of rationality1 but only a limited capacity for rationality2. The book re-interprets the psychological literature on reasoning and decision making, showing that many normative errors, by abstract standards, reflect the operation of processes that would normally help to achieve ordinary goals. Topics discussed include relevance effects in reasoning and decision making, the influence of prior beliefs on thinking, and the argument that apparently non-logical reasoning can reflect efficient decision making. The authors also discuss the problem of deductive competence - whether people have it, and what mechanism can account for it. As the book progresses, increasing emphasis is given to the authors' dual process theory of thinking, in which a distinction between tacit and explicit cognitive systems is developed. It is argued that much of human capacity for rationality1 is invested in tacit cognitive processes, which reflect both innate mechanisms and biologically constrained learning. However, the authors go on to argue that human beings also possess an explicit thinking system, which underlies their unique - if limited - capacity to be rational.
Rationality and Reasoning
Language: en
Pages: 179
Authors: Jonathon St. B.T. Evans, David E. Over
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-09-13 - Publisher: Psychology Press
This book addresses an apparent paradox in the psychology of thinking. On the one hand, human beings are a highly successful species. On the other, intelligent adults are known to exhibit numerous errors and biases in laboratory studies of reasoning and decision making. There has been much debate among both
Rationality Through Reasoning
Language: en
Pages: 328
Authors: John Broome
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-08-05 - Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Rationality Through Reasoning answers the question of howpeople are motivated to do what they believe they ought to do,built on a comprehensive account of normativity, rationality andreasoning that differs significantly from much existingphilosophical thinking. Develops an original account of normativity, rationality andreasoning significantly different from the majority of existingphilosophical thought
Rationality of Choice and Rationality of Reasoning
Language: en
Pages: 52
Authors: Arnis Vilks
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 1996 - Publisher:
Books about Rationality of Choice and Rationality of Reasoning
Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning
Language: en
Pages: 251
Authors: Christopher McMahon
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2001-08-06 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press
"This book examines the issue of rational cooperation, especially cooperation between people with conflicting moral commitments. The first part considers how the two main aspects of cooperation - the choice by a group of a particular cooperative scheme and the decision by each member to contribute to that scheme -
Deontic Modality in Rationality and Reasoning
Language: en
Pages: 125
Authors: Alessandra Marra
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019 - Publisher:
Books about Deontic Modality in Rationality and Reasoning
Rational Reasoning with Finite Conditional Knowledge Bases
Language: en
Pages: 365
Authors: Christian Eichhorn
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-12-28 - Publisher: Springer
Nonmonotonic reasoning is a discipline of computer science, epistemology, and cognition: It models inferences where classical logic is inadequate in symbolic AI, defines normative models for reasoning with defeasible information in epistemology, and models human reasoning under information change in cognition. Its building blocks are defeasible rules formalised as DeFinetti
Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction
Language: en
Pages: 144
Authors: Jonathan St B. T. Evans
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-09-21 - Publisher: Oxford University Press
Our extraordinary capacity to reason and solve problems sets us aside from other animals, but our evolved thinking processes also leave us susceptibile to bias and error. The study of thinking and reasoning goes back to Aristotle, and was one of the first topics to be studied when psychology separated
Who Is Rational?
Language: en
Pages: 312
Authors: Keith E. Stanovich
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 1999-04-01 - Publisher: Psychology Press
Integrating a decade-long program of empirical research with current cognitive theory, this book demonstrates that psychological research has profound implications for current debates about what it means to be rational. The author brings new evidence to bear on these issues by demonstrating that patterns of individual differences--largely ignored in disputes
Probability and Rationality
Language: en
Pages: 345
Authors: Ellery Eells, Tomasz Maruszewski
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 1991 - Publisher: Rodopi
Books about Probability and Rationality
Logic, Reasoning, and Rationality
Language: en
Pages: 283
Authors: Erik Weber, Dietlinde Wouters, Joke Meheus
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-08-06 - Publisher: Springer
This book contains a selection of the papers presented at the Logic, Reasoning and Rationality 2010 conference (LRR10) in Ghent. The conference aimed at stimulating the use of formal frameworks to explicate concrete cases of human reasoning, and conversely, to challenge scholars in formal studies by presenting them with interesting