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Emergence And Embodiment

Emergence And Embodiment
Author: Bruce Clarke
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822391388
Size: 75.85 MB
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Emerging in the 1940s, the first cybernetics—the study of communication and control systems—was mainstreamed under the names artificial intelligence and computer science and taken up by the social sciences, the humanities, and the creative arts. In Emergence and Embodiment, Bruce Clarke and Mark B. N. Hansen focus on cybernetic developments that stem from the second-order turn in the 1970s, when the cyberneticist Heinz von Foerster catalyzed new thinking about the cognitive implications of self-referential systems. The crucial shift he inspired was from first-order cybernetics’ attention to homeostasis as a mode of autonomous self-regulation in mechanical and informatic systems, to second-order concepts of self-organization and autopoiesis in embodied and metabiotic systems. The collection opens with an interview with von Foerster and then traces the lines of neocybernetic thought that have followed from his work. In response to the apparent dissolution of boundaries at work in the contemporary technosciences of emergence, neocybernetics observes that cognitive systems are operationally bounded, semi-autonomous entities coupled with their environments and other systems. Second-order systems theory stresses the recursive complexities of observation, mediation, and communication. Focused on the neocybernetic contributions of von Foerster, Francisco Varela, and Niklas Luhmann, this collection advances theoretical debates about the cultural, philosophical, and literary uses of their ideas. In addition to the interview with von Foerster, Emergence and Embodiment includes essays by Varela and Luhmann. It engages with Humberto Maturana’s and Varela’s creation of the concept of autopoiesis, Varela’s later work on neurophenomenology, and Luhmann’s adaptations of autopoiesis to social systems theory. Taken together, these essays illuminate the shared commitments uniting the broader discourse of neocybernetics. Contributors. Linda Brigham, Bruce Clarke, Mark B. N. Hansen, Edgar Landgraf, Ira Livingston, Niklas Luhmann, Hans-Georg Moeller, John Protevi, Michael Schiltz, Evan Thompson, Francisco J. Varela, Cary Wolfe
Emergence and Embodiment
Language: en
Pages: 294
Authors: Bruce Clarke, Mark B. N. Hansen
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009-10-30 - Publisher: Duke University Press Books
Emerging in the 1940s, the first cybernetics—the study of communication and control systems—was mainstreamed under the names artificial intelligence and computer science and taken up by the social sciences, the humanities, and the creative arts. In Emergence and Embodiment, Bruce Clarke and Mark B. N. Hansen focus on cybernetic developments
Emergence and Embodiment
Language: en
Pages: 294
Authors: Bruce Clarke, Mark B. N. Hansen
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009-01-01 - Publisher: Duke University Press
Emerging in the 1940s, the first cybernetics—the study of communication and control systems—was mainstreamed under the names artificial intelligence and computer science and taken up by the social sciences, the humanities, and the creative arts. In Emergence and Embodiment, Bruce Clarke and Mark B. N. Hansen focus on cybernetic developments
Technologisches Regieren
Language: de
Pages: 480
Authors: Vincent August
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-04-30 - Publisher: transcript Verlag
Das Netzwerk ist ein Grundbegriff des 21. Jahrhunderts geworden - und mit ihm die Diagnose, dass wir in einem neuen Zeitalter leben, in dem es auf Konnektivität, Flexibilität und Selbstorganisation ankommt. In einer groß angelegten Geschichte des Regierungsdenkens zeichnet Vincent August erstmals diese fundamentale Transformation nach. Er zeigt, dass unsere
Ontomedialität
Language: de
Pages: 420
Authors: Lisa Handel
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-02-28 - Publisher: transcript Verlag
Im Zeitalter des sogenannten »Anthropozäns« werden wir Zeugen einer ontologischen Verschiebung: Die modernen Grenzziehungen zwischen Kultur und Natur, Subjekt und Objekt sowie die Vorstellung einer Welt, die aus unabhängigen Entitäten besteht, werden in der aktuellen Umbruchskonfiguration weitreichend destabilisiert. So ist die »Krise« der Moderne auch als eine »Krise« des Seins
Integrative Governance: Generating Sustainable Responses to Global Crises
Language: en
Pages: 260
Authors: Margaret Stout, Jeannine M. Love
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-07-20 - Publisher: Routledge
Dominant governance theories are drawn primarily from Euro-American sources, including emergent theories of network and collaborative governance. The authors contest this narrow view and seek a more globally inclusive and transdisciplinary perspective, arguing such an approach is more fruitful in addressing the wicked problems of sustainability—including social, economic, and environmental
Embodied Relating
Language: en
Pages: 272
Authors: Nick Totton
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-04-17 - Publisher: Routledge
In this book, the author argues and demonstrates that embodiment and relationship are inseparable, both in human existence and in the practice of psychotherapy. It is helpful for psychotherapist, psychoanalyst, counsellor, or other psychopractitioner.
Materializing Literacies in Communities
Language: en
Pages: 224
Authors: Kate Pahl
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-10-23 - Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
What is a 'contemporary' understanding of literacy practices? How can 'literacy' be explained and situated? This book addresses literacy practices research, understanding it as both material and spatial, based in homes and communities, as well as in formal educational settings. It addresses a need to update the work done on
Together in Music
Language: en
Pages: 320
Authors: Renee Timmers, Freya Bailes, Helena Daffern
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-11-04 - Publisher: Oxford University Press
Recent years have seen a rise in interest, from a diversity of fields, in the musical ensemble as an exemplary form of creative group behavior. Musical ensembles can be understood and investigated as high functioning small group organizations that have coordinative structures in place to perform under pressure within strict
Wissen, wie Recht ist
Language: de
Pages: 225
Authors: Marcus Twellmann
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-02-12 - Publisher: Konstanz University Press
Ein Anthropologe im Conseil d'État? So etwas sieht man nicht alle Tage. Dieses Buch nimmt Bruno Latours Ethnographie des französischen Staatsrats genauer unter die Lupe. Kann zu einer Erkenntnis des Rechts gelangen, wer die Arbeit eines Gerichts untersucht? Mehrere Monate lang hat Bruno Latour Feldforschung in den Räumen des französischen
Persons and Minds
Language: en
Pages: 310
Authors: Joseph Margolis
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-12-06 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Persons and Minds is an inquiry into the possibilities of materialism. Professor Margolis starts his investigation, however, with a critique of the range of contemporary materialist theories, and does not find them viable. None of them, he argues, "can accommodate in a convincing way the most distinctive features of the